The Mahabharata -The Holy Book:
Epics are the long poems which narrate the heroic deeds of a hero or a glorious history of a nation. The style of the Epic is brilliant and incomparable. Various sages or gurus of ancient India wrote these profound epics in the Sanskrit language. In India, we have many legendary poems, among which the most significant and large one is Mahabharata.
It revolves around so many topics and incidents which are making this saga a large and complex one. We had to be attentive and focused before analysing the events of Mahabharata as the plots are too intricate and so many twists have been involved with it. The plot of the epic is based on various places in India. It was composed in 400 BC. So many mythical stories are related to this saga. It is believed that Vyasa dictated the story of the most magnificent epic poem of the world and Lord Ganesha wrote it down. It mainly consists of around 100000 verses which makes it the most remarkable and extended epic poetry in the world.
The story of Mahabharata
It is mainly the story of capturing the throne of Hastinapura. The great war is known as the Kurukshetra War. The two opponents of the war were Pandavas and Kauravas. Surprisingly their origin of both was same, and they belonged to the same family. Numerous other small stories are also related to the original incident.
The birth of Pandavas
Dhritarashtra and Pandu were two brothers. Dhritarashtra the elder son, but as Dhritarashtra was blind, Pandu became the king of the kingdom but once he cursed that he can’t have any physical relationship with any woman and thus he left the Kingdom and went to live in the forest along with his two wives Kunti and Madri. He didn’t have any child at the time of moving out from the Kingdom. Later on, Dhritarashtra became the king of the kingdom. He married to Gandhari.
The two wives Kunti and Madri prayed God for having a child in the forest. God blessed them with five sons with their dedication and prayer. Yudhisthira, Bhima and Arjuna were the sons of Kunti and Madri had two twin sons named Nakula and Sahadeva. Pandu died very early. Madri also sacrificed her life for her husband. After all these incidents Kunti decided to come back to their kingdom Hastinapura. She came back with her five sons. At that time in Hastinapur Kauravas were in power. They didn’t like the return of the Pandavas. Especially the elder son of Dhritarashtra, Duryadhona was entirely against it. They were not ready to share the kingdom with their cousins.
Shakuni’s wicked plans against Pandavas
Duryadhana was very much revengeful and angry since his childhood. He was not at all satisfied with the situation. Duryadhana wanted to drive them out of the kingdom. He got the help of his wicked uncle, Shakuni. He used to manipulate him all the time and gave all the evil plans against his brothers. Duryodhana and Shakuni planned to kill the Pandavas so many times, but they failed as the Pandavas were successfully escaped every time.
Guru Drona, a great teacher
In between the turmoil, both units started to learn different skills from their Guru, Drona. At this point, the most significant character of Karna enters into the story. Karna was the child of Kunti, but he was raised by a charioteer. This truth was not known to anyone except Kunti. She didn’t want to disclose the truth to anyone as Karna was born before her marriage. Later on, he became the master of archery. Not even Arjuna had the power to compete with him.
Beautiful princess Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas
Due to the continuous attack of Kauravas, Pandavas forced to hide in a forest to save their life. The situation was so adverse to them that no other option for them. When they were in the jungle, Arjuna got married to Draupadi the daughter of Drupada, the King of Panchala. But as per the instruction of their mother Kunti, she became the wife of all the five brothers. Krishna the cousin of the Pandavas helped them a lot. When Kauravas planned a lot of traps for the Pandavas, Krishna saved them from all the adversities. He prompted them to claim half of the kingdom which they deserved. The eldest son of Pandavas was addicted to gambling. It was the most significant weak point of his character. Shakuni was the master of this game, and he was ready to capture all the wealth of Pandavas and even the honour of Draupadi through this game. He used so many dirty tricks to win this game. At last, Lord Krishna majestically saved the honour of Draupadi.
As a result of this incident, Pandavas forced to go back to the forest again along with their wife and mother. But when they came back after the punishment and claimed the half of the kingdom, the Kauravas refused to give them, and the famous Kurukshetra war started.
The holy book Bhagavad Gita
Just before the war, Arjuna was feeling devastated. He was not ready to involve in the battle against his own brothers and family. Then, Lord Krishna helped Arjuna by giving him advice about life, relationship and much more. He showed the whole cosmos in his mouth to make him understand the true essence of Dharma. It was the war against the amoralities of evil Kauravas. Lord Krishna reminded his responsibilities as a king. He taught Arjuna how to be dutiful in the most challenging time of his life. All his comments captured in the divine book Bhagavad Gita.
The war of Kurukshetra
The battle continued for 18 days. Each day signifies a specific incident. The first day was a good day for the Kauravas but the second day was beneficial to Pandavas. The third day was also good for Kauravas as Bhishma helped them in killing the soldiers of Pandavas. On the fourth day, Bhima assassinated eight of the Kauravas including the son of Arjuna. Bhishma was the danger for Pandavas. They used Shikhandi as a trick to stop Bhishma. On the thirteenth day, Abhimanyu killed by a group of soldiers which was against the rule of the war. On the fourteenth day, Arjuna took the revenge and murdered Jayadratha who was responsible for the death of his son. The fifteenth day, Yudhisthira forced to tell a lie to manage the situation. On the seventeenth day, Karna killed by Arjuna. And on the final day, Shakuni dead, and the thigh of Duryodhana broken by Bhima. At last Pandavas won the war but it was indeed not a victory for them as they lost so many friends and many family members during the war.
Mahabharata, the most magnificent epic poem of all time, taught us various significant things of our life. This great saga showed us how to control the emotions in the most challenging time of your life. It also taught us how to dominate the uncontrollable lust. Otherwise, it will lead us to terrible consequences.