About Election Commission of India:
The Election Commission of India mostly known as ECI is a constitutional body which is responsible for conducting and managing elections in India in accordance with the regulations and rules mentioned in the Indian Constitution.
Election Commission of India established on 25th January 1950 with an aim to control the election process conducted at various levels like Parliament elections, State Legislature elections, President Office elections, and Vice President Elections. The Election Commission of India assures the smooth and successful working of the democracy.
Role of ECI (Election Commission of India):
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It has the most critical challenge of implementing the Model Code of Conduct and norms to assure fair and free elections in the Nation. By history, its existence and functioning have shown that the elections are not free from wrecking. So, developed to look after candidates and political parties and take immediate action in the case of violations of rules.
Structure of ECI – Election Commission of India:
The Secretariat of the Commission is situated in New Delhi and has 300 officials. The Director Generals and Deputy Election Commissioners are the higher authority officers in the secretariat.
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The Indian President selects and appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of India, who works for 6 years and should retire at the age of 65. The elected Commissioner is mostly a Civil Services member and more often, of the IRS (Indian Revenue Services) or the IAS (Indian Administrative Services). Commissioner is removed from his position through the impeachment process, which is to be carried out in the Parliament. On the Chief Election Commissioner’s recommendation, the President of India can remove other officers from their positions.
Powers and Functions of ECI (Election Commission of India):
- ECI considered as the superintendent of fair and free elections.
- It provides Model Code of Conduct to candidates and political parties in every election to maintain the dignity of democracy.
- It monitors political parties and registers them for being eligible to participate in the elections.
- ECI provides the allowed limits of expenditure for campaign per candidate to all the political parties and also supervises the same.
- All the parties must submit their annual reports to ECI for receiving contributions and tax benefits.
- It makes sure that all parties submit their financial reports regularly.
Some of the powers which are put in the hold and used by the Election Commission:
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- If any member has violated certain guidelines after elections, the commission has the authority to order for the disqualification of members.
- In case a candidate found of blaming corrupt practices in the election process, the High Courts and the Supreme Court consults the commission.
- The Commission also has the authority to suspend candidates who fail to submit their accounts of timely election expense.
New Initiatives taken by ECI (Election Commission of India):
The ECI has taken numerous steps to bring various reforms and improvements in the election procedure. Some of them are mentioned below:
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- EVMs (Electronic Voting Machines) initiated to increase efficiency and reliability. With this system, it takes only 3-4 days to declare the elections results.
- The official website of ECI launched on 28th February 1998 to give appropriate information and results of elections instantly.
- EPICs (Electoral Photo Identity Cards) provided in the year 1993 to avoid fraud system & From 2004 elections EVMs were made mandatory.
Few more initiatives taken in the recent years by Election Commission of India are:
- New guidelines on State-owned electronic media for broadcasting.
- Instances inspection of criminalization in Politics.
- Computerized electoral rolls.
- Simplification of maintenance and filling of accounts.
- Measures for proper enforcement of Model Code of Court.
- In Additional, the model code of court provided to the news media for fair, proper and impartial media coverage of Indian elections.
Budget and Expenses of Election Commission of India:
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The Union Finance Ministry and the Election Commission of India conclude the budget for the Secretariat which is legally answerable for the independent budget. Generally, the Ministry of Finance supports the recommendations of the Election Commission. The Union Government bears the entire expenses of the Lok Sabha (parliamentary) elections but the concerned states and Union Territories have to manage the elections expenses being held. If both assembly elections and the parliamentary elections are at the same time, the budget equally shared among the concerned states and the Union Government.
How to search for a name in Voters List & what is part number of electoral roll :
You can find your name in your state’s voter list. This facility is being provided by the Election Commission of India. To find your name in the voter’s list, you have to give information about the names of your state and assembly constituencies, your first and last name, gender etc. You can also find your name in the voter list on the basis of the district.
Visit to search for Voter Name & Part number of an electoral roll here: https://electoralsearch.in/
State wise CEO Sites:
- CEO TELANGANA
- Chief Election Officer ANDHRA PRADESH
- CEO UP
- CEO ARUNACHAL PRADESH
- Chief Election Officer BIHAR
- CEO WEST BENGAL
- CEO INDIA
Address of ECI:
Election Commission of India,
Ashok Road, New Delhi, Pin Code: 11001
Contact details of ECI:
Phone: 011 2371 7391
Fax: 011 2371 3412
Official Website of Election Commission of India: https://eci.gov.in/