All you need to know about Bihar State
Bihar is a state in India which is a part of Northern as well as eastern India. Concerning its area, Bihar is India’s 13th largest state. Its total area is 94,163 square kilometres or 36,357 square miles. By its population,Bihar State ranks third in India. The official language of Bihar is Hindi. 15 districts have accepted Urdu as the official language. Magahi, Maithili, Angika, and Bhojpuri are used widely for communication.
Formation of Bihar State
Bihar was earlier a part of Bengal. Orissa and Bihar together became a separate state in 1912. Later in 1935, Bihar and Orissa became two different states. Mahatma Gandhi started the civil disobedience movement from Bihar. Many people from this state actively participated in India’s fight for freedom. In Bihar wiki, you will find the detailed history of Bihar.
History of the state
Bihar’s history can be divided into three periods:
In the Gupta Period, the Nalanda University was established. Lord Buddha frequently visited Bihar, and several Buddhist ruins are found in the state.
In the Medieval Age the Mughals dominated the history of India and Bihar lost its cultural and political position. Sher Shah’s Maqbara at Sasaram was constructed in the Medieval Period.
Bihar State Culture
The Culture of Bihar State has different unique forms includes Cuisine, Visual Arts, Literature, Performances along with Festivals. The major festival of the state is Chhath which is also known as “Dala Chhath” celebrated once around a week after the festival of Diwali which is also known as “Kartik Chhath”.
Rivers of Bihar
- Koshi River
- Burhi Gandak River
- Mahananda River
- Phalgu River
- Karmanasa River
- Punpun River
- Gandak River
- Kankai River
- Ajay River
- Kamala River
- Mechi River
- Kiul River
- Mohana River
- Lakhandei River
- Chandan River
Districts of Bihar
- East Champaran
- West Champaran
Bihar has derived its name from the Pali and Sanskrit word ‘Vihara’ which means ‘abode.’ The state had several Buddhist Viharas. The Buddhist monks lived in these Viharas in the ancient as well as the medieval periods.
Neighbouring states of Bihar
To the west of Bihar is the state of Uttar Pradesh. Nepal is located to its north. Bihar shares its eastern boundary with West Bengal and its southern border with the state of Jharkhand. Visit Bihar’s official website to know all about the districts of Bihar.
Departments of Bihar
Schemes of Bihar
- Bihar State Website: http://gov.bih.nic.in
- Bihar State Governor: Satya Pal Malik
- Bihar State Chief Minister: Nitish Kumar
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