All you need to know about Bihar State

Bihar State

All you need to know about Bihar State

Bihar is a state in India which is a part of Northern as well as eastern India. Concerning its area, Bihar is India’s 13th largest state. Its total area is 94,163 square kilometres or 36,357 square miles. By its population,Bihar State ranks third in India. The official language of Bihar is Hindi. 15 districts have accepted Urdu as the official language. Magahi, Maithili, Angika, and Bhojpuri are used widely for communication.

BR
Image Source: en.wikipedia.org

Formation of Bihar State

Bihar was earlier a part of Bengal. Orissa and Bihar together became a separate state in 1912. Later in 1935, Bihar and Orissa became two different states. Mahatma Gandhi started the civil disobedience movement from Bihar. Many people from this state actively participated in India’s fight for freedom. In Bihar wiki, you will find the detailed history of Bihar.

History of the state

Bihar’s history can be divided into three periods:

Great_Buddha_Statue,_Bodh_Gaya
Image Source: en.wikipedia.org

Ancient History

In the Gupta Period, the Nalanda University was established. Lord Buddha frequently visited Bihar, and several Buddhist ruins are found in the state.

Medieval History

In the Medieval Age the Mughals dominated the history of India and Bihar lost its cultural and political position. Sher Shah’s Maqbara at Sasaram was constructed in the Medieval Period.

Bihar State Culture

The Culture of Bihar State has different unique forms includes Cuisine, Visual Arts, Literature, Performances along with Festivals. The major festival of the state is Chhath which is also known as “Dala Chhath” celebrated once around a week after the festival of Diwali which is also known as “Kartik Chhath”.

bihar
Image Source: gov.bih.nic.in

Rivers of Bihar

  • Koshi River
  • Ganges
  • Burhi Gandak River
  • Ghaghara
  • Mahananda River
  • Phalgu River
  • Karmanasa River
  • Punpun River
  • Gandak River
  • Kankai River
  • Ajay River
  • Kamala River
  • Mechi River
  • Kiul River
  • Mohana River
  • Lakhandei River
  • Chandan River
Bathing_Pool_at_foot_of_Hill
Image Source: en.wikipedia.org

Districts of Bihar

  1. Araria
  2. Arwal
  3. Aurangabad
  4. Banka
  5. Begusarai
  6. Bhagalpur
  7. Bhojpur
  8. Buxar
  9. Darbhanga
  10. East Champaran
  11. Gaya
  12. Gopalganj
  13. Jamui
  14. Jehanabad
  15. Khagaria
  16. Kishanganj
  17. Kaimur
  18. Katihar
  19. Lakhisarai
  20. Madhubani
  21. Munger
  22. Madhepura
  23. Muzaffarpur
  24. Nalanda
  25. Nawada
  26. Patna
  27. Purnia
  28. Rohtas
  29. Saharsa
  30. Samastipur
  31. Sheohar
  32. Sheikhpura
  33. Saran
  34. Sitamarhi
  35. Supaul
  36. Siwan
  37. Vaishali
  38. West Champaran
Bihar_districts
Image Source: upload.wikimedia.org

Etymology

Bihar has derived its name from the Pali and Sanskrit word ‘Vihara’ which means ‘abode.’ The state had several Buddhist Viharas. The Buddhist monks lived in these Viharas in the ancient as well as the medieval periods.

Neighbouring states of Bihar

To the west of Bihar is the state of Uttar Pradesh. Nepal is located to its north. Bihar shares its eastern boundary with West Bengal and its southern border with the state of Jharkhand. Visit Bihar’s official website to know all about the districts of Bihar.

Departments of Bihar

Schemes of Bihar


  • Bihar State Website: http://gov.bih.nic.in
  • Bihar State Governor: Satya Pal Malik
  • Bihar State Chief Minister: Nitish Kumar

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