About Different Types of Forests in India
India is the country which posses the huge range of forests. There are many Different Types of Forests in India from the Kerala State rainforest which is located in the south to the mountaintop range which is located in the north and from the Rajasthan State deserts which located in the west to the evergreen forest which is located in the north-east. The Forest types in India are determined on the major factors including Type of Soil, Elevation, Climate, and Topography. The Types of Forests of India are classified based on their climate type in which they blossom, It’s bonding with environment surroundings, composition and nature. These Forests are administered by The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change – MoEFCC
Types of Forests of India
The following are the List of Types of Forests of India:
- Semi-Evergreen Forest
- Dry Deciduous Forest
- Dry Evergreen Forest
- Sub Tropical Broad-Leaved Forest
- Sub Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest
- Montane Moist Temperate Forest
- Sub Alpine Forest
- Wet Evergreen Forest
- Moist Deciduous Forest
- Littoral and Swamp Forest (or) Mangrove Forest
- Thorn Forest
- Sub Tropical Pine Forest
- Montane Wet Temperate Forest
- Montane Dry Temperate Forest
The above List of Types of Forests of India is explained briefly in the following:
Semi-Evergreen Forest is in the first place which is one of the Different Types of Forests in India, these semi-Evergreen Forests are located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats. These types of forests are the mixture of Moist Deciduous Trees and Wet Evergreen Trees.
Dry Deciduous Forest
Dry Deciduous Forests are located in Uttar Pradesh State, Orissa State, Punjab State, Bihar State and Madhya Pradesh State. These Forest types in India have Occurred usually the areas which consist of low rainfall that ranging from 70 centimetres to 100 centimetres and the huge range of forest is covered with Dry Deciduous Forest
Dry Evergreen Forest
Dry Evergreen Forest is also one of the Different Types of Forests in India. It occupies the Himalayas foothill locations. It produces the following vegetation trees of Oleo Cuspidate, Acacia Modesta and many more. The Wild Animals of India will roam in all these types of forests
Sub Tropical Broad-Leaved Forest
Similarly, like the Semi Green Forests, the Sub Tropical Broad-Leaved Forest are the mixtures of the following forests: Deciduous Forests, Mangrove Forest and Evergreen Forests. These types of Forests of India are consists of huge leaves with different shapes
Sub Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest
Sub Tropical Dry Evergreen Forests are located in Tamil Nadu State of Eastern Part in western and eastern coasts. These Indian Forests exist at the time of heavy rainfall comparatively the dry season is very Longer.
Montane Moist Temperate Forest
Montane Moist Temperate Forest is similarly like Forest types in India. These are located in the Himalayas which extends from Nepal region to Sikkim State along with in some Southern region of Indian areas include Nilgiris. Montane Moist Temperate Forest is also called as “Sholas” in the Southern, region
Sub Alpine Forest – Types of Forests of India
Sub Alpine Forests are located in the areas of entire Himalayas region starts from Ladakh which is located in the west to Arunachal Pradesh which is located in the east, these forests have existed at the time of snowfall and the annual rainfall will < 65 centimetres
Wet Evergreen Forest
Wet Evergreen Forests is similarly like other Types of Forests of India. These are located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Districts, North East India and South Western Ghats. Wet Evergreen Forest consists of straight trees that have roots on the 03 sides which look like a tripod that favours the tree to be straight due to storm (or) a supporting trunk.
Moist Deciduous Forest
Moist Deciduous Forests are located in the Deccan Plateau which is located on the west side of the following areas: North Eastern Andhra, in some areas of Himalayas, extends from Punjab Districts which is located in the west to Assam State Valley which is located in the East. The Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary which comes Top 5 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India are the habitats in this type of forests.
Littoral and Swamp Forest
Littoral and Swamp Forest are also known as “Mangrove Forests”. It is also similar to other Different Types of Forests of India. Littoral and Swamp Forest are grown with the coast particularly in the deltas of rivers because they can able to grow in salty and fresh water mixture.
Thorn Forests are also called as “Xerophytic Species” because of conserving the water easily. The unique nature of this Thorn Forest is the most of these trees are consists of thorns which safeguards them from the herbivores animals alongside to reduce the loss of water.
Sub Tropical Pine Forest
Sub Tropical Pine Forests are located in Hills of Assam Districts, Western Himalayas alongside Central Himalayas. These Types of Forests of India consist of the following species: Pinus, berberis, Bauhinia, Quercus, and Carissa.
Montane Wet Temperate Forest
It is similarly like Types of Forests of India, which are located not only in the areas of fairy heavy rainfall but also in the winter and summer which are less marked. Montane Wet Temperate Forest is subtropical and temperate forests.
Montane Dry Temperate Forest
Montane Dry Temperate Forest is the last Different Types of Forests of India which consists of dry environment and surroundings.