National Commission for Scheduled Tribes – NCST – राष्ट्रिय अनुसूचित जनजाति आयोग
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is a constitutional body in India. The abbreviated form of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is NCST. The Government of India (भारत सरकार) created NCST in the year 2003, with the 89th Amendment in the Indian Constitution through Constitution Act.
The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. In India, the जनजातीय कार्य मंत्रालय is a Ministry that looks after matters related to the Indian tribal communities. Its year of formation is 1999, and the headquarters of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is in New Delhi.
History of the formation of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
The 89th Amendment of the Constitution of India came into force in 2004, on 19th February. The Indian Government set up the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes or NCST under the Constitution’s Article 338A, after dividing the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes into two parts with the aim of safeguarding the rights of the Scheduled Tribes separately. We can find most of the Tribes in Rajasthan State. It is a place of different Tribes of Rajasthan people.
After this amendment, the Government formed two separate commissions, namely,
- National Commission for Scheduled Castes or NCSC
- National Commission for Scheduled Tribes or NCST
Kunwar Singh and Urmila Singh became the Chairpersons of the first and second commissions respectively. In 2013, Rameshwar Oraon became the Chairperson of the third commission. The fourth commission’s Chairperson was again Rameshwar Oraon, and Shri Ravi Thakur was the Vice-Chairperson. At present, Nandakumar Sai is the National ST Commission, Chairman.
The composition of the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
NCST consists of a Vice-Chairperson, a Chairperson and three members (full-time) out of which one member is a woman. Each member of the Commission retains his/her position for three consecutive years. These three years calculation starts from the day he/she gets the position.
Functions of NCST
Let us have a look at some essential services of the National Commission for ST:
- It investigates as well as monitor issues that affect the lives of Scheduled Tribes
- NCST safeguards their rights
- It presents annual reports before the President
- It plans for socio-economic growth of the ST
National Commission for Scheduled Castes
The Government of India (GOI) created the National Commission for SC with the objective of safeguarding the Scheduled Castes against exploitation. NCSC protects and promotes their educational, cultural, social and economic interests. S.H.Ramdhan became the Chairman of the first SC Commission.
Toll-Free Number: 1800-11-7777
PBAX No: 011-24646954
Fax Number: 011-24624628, 24657474, 24624191
New Delhi – 110001,