The Ranthambore Fort is situated in Ranthambore National Park near Sawai Madhopur town, which was used as hunting grounds by the Maharaja of Jaipur. Till the time India got independence Day, people came and used to hunt. It is a formidable fort located in the center of Rajasthan. This Fort famed for the bravery and glory of Hamir Dev of Chauhan Empire. In 2013, in the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee, along with Ranthambore fort, 5 more forts of Rajasthan included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Ranthambore Fort is one of the six majestic Hill Forts of Rajasthan. Other five forts are in Kumbhalgarh Fort, Jhalawar, Jaisalmer Fort, Jaipur, and Chittorgarh Fort. These Forts famed after their locations.
The Ranthambore fort built by Chauhan ruler, but the name of the ruler is still unclear. But most of the people believe that the fort built in 944 CE only during the time of Saphaldaksh. According to another legend, the fort constructed in 1110 CE in the kingdom of Jayant. According to the Amer Development and Management Authority of Rajasthan Government, its construction work started during the 10th century and at the time of Saphaldaksh and continued for some centuries.
Its ancient name was Ransthamb and Ransthampur. In ancient times, in the 12th century, is connected to the Jain religion of Prithviraj I of Chauhan empire. Siddsenasuri, who lived in the 12th century, described it as one of the holy and major pilgrimage places of Jainism. In the Mughal time, the temple of Mallinath built in the fort. Before the rule of Prithviraj Chauhan in the 12th century, Yadav used to rule this fort. According to the Indian Archaeological Survey, the first amends were taken on the entry of the fort.
Sultan Eltumish of Delhi had captured Ranthambore in 1226, but after the death of Eltumish in 1236, Chauhan recovered it. Subsequently, Sultan Nasir Uddin Mahmud’s army controlled later by Sultan Bolban, but in 1248 and 1253 he had to make many fortresses. But in 1259 he had recovered them from Jaitersingh Chauhan.
In 1283 Shakti Dev became the successor of Jaitrasingh and he recovered Ranthambore and his vast empire. After this Sultan Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji had all the forts from 1290 to 91.
1299 in Maharao Hammir Dev Chauhan, stayed for shelter near Rebel General of Alauddin Khilji, Muhammad Shah and refused to give the Sultan his kingdom.
Ranthambore Fort History
Under Mewar, the fort obtained by Rana Hammir Singh and Rana Kumbh. After Rana Kumbh’s reign, his successor, Rana Udai Singh, made. Subsequently, Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat captured the fort from 1532 to 1535. After this, Mughal Emperor Akbar took possession of the fort in 1569.
After this, the fort went into the hands of Maharaja Kachva of Pink City Jaipur in the 17th century and it remained a part of Jaipur till Indian independence. The royal people used to prey on the place this fort built. Jaipur made part of Rajasthan state of India in 1949.
The three Hindu temples inside the Ranthambore Fort, one of which the temple of Ganesha, Shiva, and Ramlalji, which were built in 12th and 13th Century with the Red Karauli stone. There is a temple of Jain Lord Sumatinath and Lord Shivnath in the fort.
Ranthambore Fort Visiting Timings
Ranthambore Fort is a powerful fort.
Visiting: 6 am to 6 pm
entry fee: Rs 15 for adults
Rs 10 for children
Ranthambore National Park is one of the largest wildlife reserves in North India, which was the conservation of majestic game. In 1955, it established as a wildlife sanctuary. Later, it included in the first phase of Project Tiger in 1973. Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary granted National Park status in 1980. Besides to the tigers, in the national park, various wild animals, jackal, cheetahs, hyena, swamps, crocodiles, wild pigs and deer serve as a natural habitat for various varieties. besides, there are aquatic vegetation, lilies, Lotus and lotus in the park are abundant.
This wildlife sanctuary spreads in an area of 392 square kilometers which known for tiger conservation. It is one of the best National Parks in India. For the tourists, the Wild Authority has constructed roads so that they can roam the park. It is 11 km away from Sawai Madhopur railway station.
Ranthambore National Park Visiting Timings
Park is open from Morning to evening during Sunlight.
Safaris run from 7 am and 2 pm for 3 hours.
Ranthambore Safari Fee
For Indians: Rs 897
For Foreigners: Rs 1637
children below 5 years of age have free entry.
Ways to Reach Ranthambore
The Rajasthan Government providing the bus services through the RSRTC. You can check the schedules of the bus timings and perform RSRTC Online Booking. You can also get many tour packages and discounts from the RTDC. Get the list of RTDC Hotels and choose the best one to stay and enjoy the Journey in Rajasthan.
In the below, you can find the Indian Railway train services through IRCTC NGeT to reach Ranthambore. Get the express and passenger details.
From Sawai madhopur to Jaipur
- Kota jaipur Passenger
- Sc Jp Special
- Ranchi Garibnwaz Express
- Chennai Central Jaipur Express
- Coimbatore Jaipur Express
- Mysore Jaipur Express
- Puri Jodhpur Express
- Indore jaipur Express
- Bhopal jodhpur Passenger
- Indb Jp Sup Spl
From Jaipur To Sawai Madhopur
- Aii Bju Spl
- Hmh Kota Special
- Jp Pune Sf Spl
- Jp Bdts Ac Spl
- Ziyarat Express
- Ananya Express
- Ajmer maru Sagar Express
- Intercity Express
- Jaipur Pune super Fast Express
For more about the Ranthambore, visit: Wiki