Gwalior Fort – ग्वालियर किला
Gwalior fort – Gwalior Fort is situated near central Gwalior in central India of the state Madhya Pradesh. The fort is divided into 2 parts with a safer texture. One part is the Gujari Mahal and the second mind temple. It was built by Raja Man Singh Tomar in the 8th Century.
Many kings in history have kept this control at different times on this fort. Gujari Mahal was sung for Queen Mraganayani. It is now known as a historical museum. The oldest documents related to “zero” were found in a temple on the way to the fort and on this route. It was almost 1500 years.
Gwalior Fort History – ग्वालियर किला इतिहास
There is no proof of how long it took to build the fort of Gwalior. According to local residents, it was built by King Suraj Sen in the 8th Century. They built it as a blessing in the name of the monk named Gaulipa. It is said that the sadhu had given him a holy water and he was relieved of leprosy.
The sage gave him the title of “Pal” and was blessed and blessed. As long as they put this title along with their name, this fort will be under the control of their family. The fort was controlled by 83 successors of Suraj Sen Pal, but Karan of 84th descendants lost this fort.
According to historical documents and evidence, this fort was in the 10th century but there is no evidence that it existed before it.
But the carvings and structures built on the fort premises indicate its existence even in its 6th century; The reason for this is that some of the documents found in the Gwalior Fort are mentioned in the form of a Sun Temple by King Mihirakula of Huna Dynasty. Gurjarra-Pratahasin had constructed “Temple of Talei” inside the fort in the 9th century.
This fort was controlled by the Chandra dynasty’s Dewan Kachapaght in the 10th century. In the 11th Century, Muslim kings attacked the fort. Mahmud Ghazni took the fort for 4 days and returned the fort in return for 35 elephants, such a mention in Tabuti Akbari.
Ghurid Wajir Qutb al-Din Aibak, who later became King of Delhi Sultanate, won the fort after a long battle. After that, again in 1232, Eltumish again captured it on the fort of Delhi.
In 1398, this fort went under the control of Tomar Rajput Dynasty. Tomar King Man Singh made beautiful constructions inside the fort in the fort. Delhi’s Sultan Sikandar Lodhi attacked the fort in 1505, but he did not succeed.
In 1516, Ibrahim Lodhi, the son of Alexander Lodhi, attacked again, Man Singh Tomar sat down in the battle and the Tomar dynasty put arms after a year’s struggle.
After 10 years, Mughal emperor Babur took the fort from Delhi Sultanate but in 1542 the Mughals had to defeat the fort Gwalior Fort from Sher Shah Suri. Babur’s grandson Akbar conquered the fort in 1558. Akbar turned the fort into a prison for his political prisoners.
Akbar’s cousin Kamran was kept in captivity and was then sentenced to death. Aurangzeb’s brother Murad and Bhatijun Solaiman and traveler were also sentenced to death in this fort. All these murders were done in the Mana Mandir.
After the death of Aurangzeb, the control of this fort was controlled by the Rana of Gohad. Maratha king Mahad Ji Shinde (Scindia) defeated this fort by defeating Gohad King Rana Chhatar Singh but soon he lost it to the East India Company.
In Gwalior, you can also see the Tansen’s Tomb which is located in Gwalior. It is near to his Sufi master Mohammed Ghaus tomb. Tansen Samaroh is a national music festival held in every year in held in the tomb of Tansen at Behat in December. The Award of Tansen Samman given away to the exponents in the Hindustani Classical Music.
Jain temple in Gwalior
In Gwalior, the Siddhachal Jain temples caves built in the century of 7th-15th. Inside the Gwalior Fort, you can find 11 Jain temples which are dedicated to Jain Tirthankaras. On Southside, 21 temples are cut into rock with complicated carves of Tirthankaras. The Tallest Idol Rishabhanatha / Adinatha is the first Tirthankara with the height of 58 ft 4 inches.
British Rule on Gwalior – ग्वालियर पर ब्रिटिश शासन
On August 3, 1780, the British occupied Gwalior fort by Capt Pofam and under the guidance of Bruce, a half-night guerrilla war. In 1780, Governor Warren Hastings returned the rights to the fort to Gohad Rana. Four years later the Marathas captured the fort again.
This time the British did not interfere because they were cheated with Gouhar Rana. Daulat Rao Scindia lost this fort in another Maratha-English war.
Between 1808 and 1844, this fort was controlled by the British once and again in the hands of the British. After the battle of Maharajpur, in January 1844, this fort was given to the British by appointing Maratha Scindia dynasty as its Diwan.
At the time of the 1857 revolution, about 7,000 soldiers in Gwalior rebelled against the company. At this time, Vastal Raja Jiaji Scindia retained his allegiance to the British. In 1858 the British again captured this fort. The Agrajas gave some princely states to the jihad but kept the fort occupied by them.
In 1886, the British controlled the whole of India, and for them, there was no special significance for this fort, so they gave it to the Scindia family. The Scindia family ruled this fort till the time of India’s independence (1947) and also produced many, including Jay Vilas Mahal.
The castle was kept in good care and lots of constructions were done in it, such as palaces, temples, water tanks etc. There are many palaces like Mana Mandir, Gujari Jahangir, Shah Jahan. This fort is in the area of 3 kilometers and is 35 feet high. Its walls are made from the edges of the mountain and it has been connected with 6 towers.
There are two doors in one north-east and one in the south-west. The name of the main gate is the elephant bridge and the second gate is named by Badalgarh. Manmadir Mahal is located in the north-west, it was built in the 15th century and it was renovated in 1648.
And so, in this history, Gwalior Fort has been discussing quite a lot. History given to us is a priceless treasure whose significance is still as good as it is today.
To know more details, Click Here