Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Project is a major river valley project in India located in the Nalgonda District, Telangana. The concept of making this dam made in 1903 during the time of the British Raj. On December 10, 1955, this dam laid by the prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
“When I lay down the foundation stone of this Nagarjuna Sagar, to me it is a sacred ceremony”. This is the foundation of the temple of the humanity of India, ie symbol of the new temples that we are building over India “.
Nagarjuna Dam constructed on Krishna River. The distance from Hyderabad to Nagarjuna Sagar is 150 km. It was completed in 1966. On August 4, 1967, water released for the first time in two canals by former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The Nagarjuna Sagar Lake, built by this dam, is the third largest man-made lake in the world protected with 26 gates. The view of the Nagarjuna Sagar dam at night is beautiful and attractive.
Benefits of Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
Mainly farmers of Guntur get the benefit. The first unit was set in 1978 and the eighth unit was established in 1985. -Nalgonda area also receives drinking water from this dam. The name of the main canal is Lal Bahadur Canal.
In the excavation, while making Nagarjuna dam, Nagarjuna Konda receives remnants of the third-century Buddhist religion. During the excavation, the relics of Mahatchya Stupa were also received. Here used to be a vihar, Buddhist monastery, and a university.
The dam has the capacity to hold 11,472 million cubic meters of water. Its height is 490 feet and the length is 1.6 km, which is quite spectacular and it can be a beautiful experience for visitors to see. It consists of 26 feet wide, 42 feet wide and 45 ft tall. The dam is very important in India’s history because it was the first project to be started as a part of the Green Revolution in the country. This was the first such dam, which used to provide hydropower to the surrounding area as well as irrigation.
Places to visit in Nagarjuna Sagar
Ethipothala Waterfall, Nagarjuna Sagar
A sight of Ethipotala waterfall is beautiful. It serves as another main attraction to the town. The mountain stream height is nearly 21.3m. Nakka Vagu, Chandravanka Vagu, and Tummala Vagu are the three steam which gets merge and gives birth to this waterfall. You can also enjoy watching a crocodile breeding center at the site. Two famed temples namely Ranganatha and Dattatreya are located at the site. 15 miles from Nagarjuna Sagar Dam this waterfall is located.
Nagarjuna Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary
It is like a heaven for nature lovers and wildlife buffs. Nagarjuna Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary situated in Srisailam and also known as Nagarjuna Sagar Srisailam Sanctuary.
This sanctuary established over an area of 3568 sq. km. In fact, its massive area covers five districts of Kurnool, Prakasam, Nalgonda, Mahabubnagar, and Guntur. This wildlife sanctuary consists of various species of tiger, langur, jackals, and macaques etc. The sanctuary has different types of Reptiles and 150 species of birds. There are guesthouses, temple, and cottages within the sanctuary premises. The perfect time to explore the wilderness of the area is from October to May as the weather is quite pleasant and cool.
Nagarjuna Konda Museum, Nagarjuna Sagar
Nagarjuna Konda Museum cradled amid a man-made Nagarjuna Sagar Lake on an island of Nagarjuna Konda. The museum has a collection of Buddhist structures and artifacts.
The collection is quite ancient belonging to 3rd century AD. The beautiful collection features panels carved with Jataka tales, stone idols of Lord Buddha, weapons and equipment belonging to Stone Age and old inscriptions etc. The information provided in the museum is in three languages i.e. English, Hindi, and Telugu. The museum accessible via boat from Nagarjuna Sagar, the boat service being run by Andhra Pradesh Tourism Department. Besides, the boast service, the place can also approach via road from Hyderabad airport.
Macherla, Nagarjuna Sagar
Macherla is a small town located in the district Guntur of Andhra Pradesh. The City Macherla sited on the banks of Chandra Vanka. It has a population of 1,06,289 and an average literacy rate of 71.13%.
Macherla has many attractions in and around which attracts the visitors. Tourists who visit Nagarjuna Sagar must not miss these places: Macherla city center, Macherla rural city center, Nagarjuna Sagar city center, Nagarjuna Konda, Gurazala city center, Nallamala hills, and Ethipothala Falls. The famous temple Sri Laxmi Chennakesava Swami Temple, which constructed in the 13th century AD. The temple is very beautiful and attracts the tourists.
Location of Nagarjuna Sagar Dam in India
|Official name||Nagarjuna Sagar Dam|
|Location||Nalgonda district, Telangana, India|
|Coordinates||16°34′32″N79°18′42″ECoordinates: 16°34′32″N 79°18′42″E|
|Construction began||10 December 1955|
|Construction cost||132.32crore rupees|
Dam and spillways
|Height||124 meters (407 ft) from river level|
|Length||1,550 meters (5,085 ft)|
|Creates||Nagarjuna Sagar Reservoir|
|Total capacity||11.56×109 m3(9×106 acre⋅ft)
|Active capacity||5.44×109 m3(4,410,280 acre⋅ft)|
|Catchment area||215,000 square kilometers (83,000 sq mi)|
|Surface area||285 km2 (110 sq mi)|
|Turbines||1 x 110 MW Francis turbine, 7 x 100.8 MW reversible Francis turbines|
|Installed capacity||816 MW (1,094,000 hp|
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